Mung beans for EU sprouted bean industry
Mung bean is an important crop in Myanmar in terms of scale of production and exports. Production and trade of the pulse is in bulk. India is the main export market. Only a small amount of the mung bean is exported as raw material for the sprouted seed production in Europe. Quality and food safety requirements are stringent in the EU market, but the returns for growers and traders are lucrative if a dedicated mung bean supply chain for quality sprouted bean production is developed. However, the production and supply chains for EU-exports are currently not clearly differentiated. For imports into the EU market the mung beans should be GAP certified and fully traceable. In addition to these legal requirements the EU importers require clean, sorted and graded and disease-free seeds with good sprouting qualities.
What do we do?
Together with the Myanmar export company Bright Light and their contract farmers we will implement activities to establish a dedicated supply chain of quality mung bean for the EU sprouted bean industry. The production and supply will comply with the strict quality and food safety requirements for the EU market.
The pilot will include varietal testing and training on improved agronomic practices (GAP) of a group of growers in Thongwa, an important mung bean production area in the Delta region. Additionally, an efficient traceability system will be introduced to the Myanmar supply chain partners. During the cultivation period, the intermediate broker and exporting wholesalers will be trained in Good Handling Practices to secure product quality and safety after harvesting. All activities will be implemented in order to export the farmers’ mung bean production to the EU market for sprouted seed production and secure higher incomes for the mung bean farmers.
In 2019 Evers Special compared three different mung bean cultivars imported from Myanmar. The beans were sprouted under the same conditions and at the same time and evaluated in particular for their sprouting qualities. The comparison of the different bean cultivars is conducted by Evers Special as part of their diversifying sourcing strategy whereby increasing volumes of mung bean are imported
from Myanmar rather than the traditional sourcing country China.
The first objective was to check if the mung bean cultivar from Chinese origin commonly used for sprouting bean production can be grown in Myanmar and if these Chinese beans can become an alternative variety for Myanmar farmers in terms of yield and easiness of handling.
The second objective was to compare the sprouting quality of the Chinese beans from China origin and from Myanmar origin, in order to draw conclusion on how the cultivation conditions in Myanmar may influence the sprouting performance of the beans with same genetic background.
The third objective was to test the sprouting quality of the mung beans provided by East West Seeds (EWS; another partner in the Vegetable Impact Cluster Project), to decide if this variety will be interesting for Evers Specials to source for bean sprout production in the future.
Read the report here for more information on research and results.