This Pesticide Selection Tool (PST), available here, can be used to formulate recommendations for farmers, to assist farmers and sector professionals to make the right choices and to select products which actually provide the best result for the most favourable price and respecting environmental impact, the build-up of resistance and safety for the user and the consumer.
Pesticides are needed to control pests and diseases in agriculture. Pesticides generally are highly specific and require dedicated knowledge of the user to safeguard effective and responsible application in a crop to control a specific pest or disease (or weed). Pesticides possess a range of properties with varying modes of action, toxicity, environmental effect, food safety risk, etcetera. Some pesticides can be regarded as more favourable than others, given a certain context. It is important for advisors, farmers, traders, agro shops, consumers and policy makers to be aware of the efficacy and further advantages and disadvantages of the available pesticides in a country.
The most recent database of registered pesticides in Myanmar as published by the Plant Protection Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation on their website has been included in the PST prototype. This is the list of pesticides registered up to the 26th Pesticide Registration Board (PRB) meeting.
In the PST a range of different pest and diseases can be selected by clicking on the boxes “Pest” or “Disease”. For example the PST can be used to determine the most favourable pesticides to control the insect pest “thrips”. After selecting the pest “thrips” all pesticides registered that can effectively control thrips are listed. This list can be filtered by criteria “minimal WHO-class” which is an indication for the toxicity, and for “Minimal Efficacy” (adequate or good). In this way the most effective active ingredients can be selected with the most favourable profile regarding toxicity. By clicking on the active ingredient all Brand names of products registered with contains this active ingredient will be listed. The information provided on the Mode of Action (MoA) makes it possible to design control strategies in which pesticides of different Mode of Action groups are alternated to prevent the development of resistance of a pest/disease to pesticides. In this way the PST provides hands-on information to safeguard Human Health of the growers applying the pesticides and the workers in the fields. Also the consumer safety (less toxic residues on vegetables) and (in the future version) the environment will profit from the use of the PST.